Artificial intelligence and humanoid robots

Amnesty International

Artificial intelligence and bots are the right mix for future AI services

Artificial intelligence is undoubtedly the most exciting field in robotics. Humanoid robots are one of the most common forms of artificial intelligence. They have even been depicted in many Hollywood films. There is no doubt that a robot can work on an assembly line, but there is no consensus on whether it can be as intelligent as a human being. In a way, current AI machines are able to replicate some of the defining elements of intellectual ability and outperform human experts in several areas, specifically in diagnosing critical diseases such as cancer.

In the beginning, the main goal of artificial intelligence for humans was research purposes. They were used to research how to create better prostheses for humans. But now, humans are built for several purposes beyond research. They were developed to perform a wide range of human tasks and reside in various roles in the employment sector. Some of the roles they can take on are that of personal assistants, receptionists, and front desk personnel, among others.

The process of creating a humanoid robot is very complex and requires a lot of work and research in the process. Most of the time, developers and engineers face great challenges too. In this regard, first-class sensors and actuators are imperative and even a simple error can lead to malfunction. With the help of certain features such as sensors and actuators, humans move, speak, and perform actions effectively.

Not all hominins resemble humans as some are modeled after some specific human parts only such as the human head. Humanoid robots are usually either Androids – humanoid robots designed to resemble male humanoids, or Gynoids – which resemble female humanoids. They work through certain features, plus they have sensors that help them sense the environments around them. They also have cameras that allow them to see clearly and actuators placed at strategic points to guide them in moving and making gestures. These motors are usually referred to as actuators.

In order for humanoid robots to become as intelligent as humans, they must be instilled with the ability to understand natural human language, known as Natural Language Processing (NLP). Since human development is still in its embryonic stage, it takes a lot of work and research to make these robots mimic humans.

Robotic robots – applications and impacts on the real world

Humanoids have assisted humanity in various capacities, extensively in healthcare, education, and entertainment, among other things. As mentioned earlier that these robots are used for various purposes along with researchers, their applications are commonly categorized in healthcare, education, and social robotics.

Healthcare robotics are designed and used by individuals in the home or healthcare setting to treat and improve patients’ medical conditions. These robots either require a human controller or are pre-programmed to assist patients. On the contrary, educational educational robots are mainly directed at students and equipped for them. They are used in education centers or homes to improve the quality of education and enhance participation in studies. These bots are usually, but not always, manually controlled.

For example, Aldebaran Robotics’ Nao, a tiny 2-inch robot, is used globally by universities as a research platform and teaching tool. Nao became the face of social robotics as it replaced Sony’s Aibo robotic dog and became the standard platform for Robocup.

Human social robots are used by individuals or organizations to assist people in their daily life activities. These bots are usually pre-programmed to perform mundane and boring tasks. For example, in 2014 Softbank Robotics launched Pepper, which quickly became the leading commercially available social robot. Pepper was introduced in Softbank mobile stores in Japan and since then, has been used in Carrefour and Renault stores across France.

Humanoids are even used in customer engagement roles, and are equipped with advanced facial recognition, emotion recognition, and speech recognition capabilities. These bots provide a guide to customer engagement and can be seen as an evolutionary step from self-service kiosks to conversational commerce, combining the two in clever and unique ways.

Besides healthcare and education, retail, financial services, travel and hospitality, aerospace and quick service restaurants are well positioned to benefit from humanoid robots. For example, Airbus, in collaboration with researchers from the Joint Robotics Laboratory (JRL), has begun developing humanoid robots for its factories to take on many monotonous, dangerous and complex tasks that will provide skilled human labor for higher value jobs.

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